Heat Related Illness & What to Look For

We all love summer and the sun it brings draws us to start exercising more outside.

While the warm weather and beautiful days call for more hiking, running, kayaking, and all sorts of outdoor activities, be mindful of the potential risks of overdoing it this summer.

Heat Cramps

Signs and symptoms:

  • Heavy Sweating during intense exercise
  • Muscle pain or spasms

What to do:

  • Stop physical activity and move to a shaded cool area or going indoors
  • Slowly drink water or a sports beverage
  • Wait for the cramps to subside before engaging in any more physical activity

If the cramps persist for longer then an hour or you have a preexisting heart condition you should seek medical attention right away.

Heat Exhaustion

Signs and symptoms:

  • Heavy sweating
  • Cold, pale, and clammy skin
  • Fast, weak pulse
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Muscle cramps
  • Tired or weak
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Fainting

What to do:

  • Move to cool place
  • Loosen clothing
  • Put cool, wet clothes on your body or take a cool bath
  • Sip water

If symptoms persist longer then an hour or worsen or if you are vomiting seek medical attention.


Signs and Symptoms:

  • Increased body temp above 103̊ F.
  • Hot, Red, dry, or damp skin
  • Fast, strong pulse
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Losing consciousness

What to do:

  • Call 911 right away, heatstroke is a medical emergency
  • Move to a cool area
  • Attempt to lower body temperature with cool cloths or a cool bath
  • Do not give the person anything to drink

This information has been taken directly from the CDC website regarding heat-related illness.

Have a great summer and be safe and prepared while we move to the outdoors to get our much-needed exercise.

“Warning Signs and Symptoms of Heat-Related Illness.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1 Sept. 2017, www.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/warning.html.

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